Inflation ticks up in September, albeit modest   

16 October 2018 : Nigeria’s inflation in the month of September increased by 11.28% YoY, 6bps higher than 11.23% in the prior month and a second consecutive increase since the month of August. This was lower than analyst's forecast of 11.45% as well as Bloomberg consensus forecast of 11.5%.


The modest increase in YoY inflation stemmed from food inflation, as core inflation extended its moderation in the review period. While core inflation declined 18bps to single digit level of 9.84%, food inflation increased 15bps to 13.31% although, the pace of increase was slower than the 31bps uptick in the month of August.


On a MoM basis, headline inflation moderated for the third consecutive month to 0.84%, 21bps lower than 1.05% reported in the previous month. The decline mainly stemmed from the food index, which dipped 42bps to 1.00% while the core index dipped 13bps to 0.64%. On food, FEWS NET reported that early harvests of green, maize, cowpea and yam have started to reach markets and slowly offset the supply and demand gap. Analysts believe this drove food prices lower during the month. They also noted that ongoing slowdown in food prices will be substantial in the month of October, as new harvests will be available for both households and markets. This suggests further moderation in MoM food inflation in October.


Core inflation dipped 13bps to 0.64%, with the decline majorly from imported (-53bps) and processed food (-176bps), offsetting slight increases in HWEGF1 (+4bps to 0.50%) and Transport (+4bps to 0.65%) following higher average energy prices – Diesel up 176bps to N211.64/litre and PMS up 30bps to N147.30/litre.


In terms of monetary policy impact, analysts do not expect the MPC to shift its policy stance in favour of a hike at the November meeting, as analysts view the uptick in September’s inflation as modest when compared to August. Also, the onset of the harvest season suggests moderating food price pressures which analysts expect will prompt a slowdown in the pace of food and headline inflation increase in subsequent months. Given this as well as weak growth picture, analysts maintain their view that the policy makers will retain the monetary policy rate at 14%.


Reporting for EasyKobo on Tuesday ,16 October 2018 in Lagos, Nigeria


Source: Feyisike Ilemore from ARM Securities Limited


NOTE - THIS ARTICLE PUBLICATION IS COPYRIGHT OF ARM SECURITIES LIMITED AND NOT TO BE REPRODUCED OR REPRINTED IN ANY FORM WITHOUT THE EXPRESS PERMISSION OF ARM SECURITIES LIMITED.



    

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